Vintage Audio
this section covers some restoration work that I did on my vintage HI-FI gear
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Article #1 | 04:05 PM Thursday 15/10/2018

Sansui AU-6500 #2: Introduction

When I bought this amplifier I knew it was going to be in a really bad shape. But I know just how nice a properly restored Sansui should sound. So I decided to force my luck and buy it.

Overall it was very dirty and previously restored -- or should I say cannibalized? -- by a former technician. Or should I say... no, I shouldn't.

Lifted tracks. Ripped tracks. Mismatched diodes. Weird transistors. Mismatched hFE small signal transistors. Main filter capacitors replaced. Why? I have never seen an ELNA large electrolytic capacitor malfunctioning. Tantalum capacitors in the signal line on the phono preamplifier. PCBs dirty by mishandling flux and solder wire. Crazy solder joints. You name it. However I could sense the audiophile syndrome, which I cannot embrace. The former owner restored it with a mixture of good quality electrolytic capacitors from Panasonic. Namely the series FM, FC, and another one which I cannot remember. The power supplt ripple filter capacitors are Kendeil. Some say these are good. I will replace them anyway. Some of the small signal transistors were even very close 2SA493 or 2SC1313 equivalents.

I like -- some -- challenges and since the AU-666 amplifier found it's way to the same friend that also happily owns the AU-505 unit, my wife will get to have this little fellow.

I will try my best to restore this unit to a full working state by using only high quality parts. If it worths doing it, it certainly worths overdoing it. Sansui, better than the best.

Should you be interested in how I restored its twin brother, please check this thread.

Oh and about the sound. When the packet arrived I have coupled a set of speakers and fired it up. I was totally disappointed. A thin sound that was lacking bass and the high frequencies were hissing. I couldn't believe my ears that a Sansui could sound that bad. Especially an AU-x500 unit. But this is going to change.

So I take a deep breath and let's go.

Article #2 | 05:00 PM Thursday 15/10/2018

Sansui AU-6500 #2: Technical Data

This amplifier has the following technical characteristics.

TECHNICAL PARAMETERS
ParameterValue
Continuous RMS power (both channels)32 W + 32 W (8 Ω at 1,000 Hz)
Total Harmonic Distortion<0.1% (at rated output)
Intermodulation Distortion (70 Hz : 7,000 Hz = 4:1 SMPTE method)<0.1% (at rated output)
IHF power bandwidth (each channel driven at 8 Ω)5 Hz - 40,000 Hz
Frequency Response (at normal listening level)10 Hz - 30,000 Hz +0 dB / -1 dB
Load Impedance4 Ω - 16 Ω
Damping Factorapproximately 40 at 8 Ω load
SemiconductorsTransistors: 35 / Diodes: 6
Power Voltage100 V, 117 V, 220 V, 240 V at 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption65 W (max)
Dimensions / Weight140 mm (H), 440 mm (W), 322 mm (D) / 11.5 kg

Article #3 | 05:10 PM Thursday 15/10/2018

Sansui AU-6500 #2: Parts List

I have assembled a parts list for this amplifier. My restoration targets mainly the electrolytic capacitors and almost all small signal transistors. Even though I consider these transistors irreplaceable for an authentic Sansui sound, I am aiming for maximum reliability and low maintenance. Below you will find lists consisting of the various capacitors in this amplifier.

Besides the capacitors and transistors up-mentioned, I would not normally touch other parts in this amplifier. But when a former technician exchanges components high and low using sub-mediocre replacements, I prefer to watch things from a different perspective. So I will be listing all kind of replacement parts in the tables below: capacitors, (variable) resistors, (Zener) diodes, and transistors.

The schematic value corresponds to what normally can be found in the electrical schematics. The recommended value is what I replaced the former part with. The BP inscription signifies a bipolar capacitor. Where I found appropriate, I have chosen a film capacitor replacement instead of an electrolytic. My reasons are reliability in time. Less electrolytic capacitors, less time-ticking bombs.

Descriptions and Parts Listings

The Power Supply Block is coded F-2013-1A and is located on top of the metal chassis, mounted in a central position. You can quickly recognize it due to the stabilizer transistor cooled by a small aluminum radiator and the four small current diodes that form a rectifying bridge.

Power Supply Block (F-2013-1A)
IdentifierSchematicRecommendedMouser Number
C00910 uF / 100 V647-UKZ2A100MPM
C01010 uF / 50 V10 uF / 100 V647-UKZ2A100MPM
C01210 uF / 50 V10 uF / 100 V647-UKZ2A100MPM
C014470 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H471MHM
R0041 kΩ ¼ W1 kΩ 1 W71-RN60D1001F/R
TR0012SB507KSA940512-KSA940TU
TR0022SA678KSA733512-KSA733CGBU
TR0032SA678KSA733512-KSA733CGBU
ZDZB-1-14BZV85-C13771-BZV85-C13,133
D00210D-11N5392625-1N5392-E3/54
D00310D-11N5392625-1N5392-E3/54
D00410D-11N5392625-1N5392-E3/54
D00510D-11N5392625-1N5392-E3/54

The Protector Block is coded F-2041 for stock no. 7591230 and F-1215-A for stock no. 7591300. That's right, two boards for one schematic. This is a particularity shared by both AU-6500 and AU-7500 series. F-2041 is located on the left side of the chassis mounted directly on it. You can quickly recognize it due to the big speaker coupling relay. F-1215-A is located beneath the steel chassis directly under F-2041. There are three wires connecting the two boards. Both boards are easy to service.

Protector Block (F-2041)
IdentifierSchematicRecommendedMouser Number
C90147 uF / 10 V BP47 uF / 16 V BP647-UES1C470MPM
C902220 uF / 6.3 V220 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E221MHM
C903100 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H101MHM
C9061 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C9071 uF / 50 V BP647-UES1H010MDM
TR9012SC634AKSC1845512-KSC1845FTA
TR9022SC634AKSC1845512-KSC1845FTA
D9011N34N/A
D9021N34N/A
D9031N34N/A
D9041N34N/A
D00510D-11N5392625-1N5392-E3/54
D00610D-11N5392625-1N5392-E3/54
RL901DC24V MY-4 RelayOMRON MY4-02-DC24653-MY4-02DC24

F-1215-A is a little bit weird but beautiful at the same time. It does not have a green solder mask and the copper tracks are connecting the part terminals via rivets. Interesting.

Protector Block (F-1215-A)
IdentifierSchematicRecommendedMouser Number
C908220 uF / 35 V220 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H221MHM
TR9032SC634AKSC1845512-KSC1845FTA

There is one combined audio driver board in this amplifier responsible for both left and right channels. It is coded F-2034-A and can be found mounted on the chassis just beneath the power transistors array. The four variable resistors are subject to change as well. You can find them designated in the table below.

Driver Block (F-2034-A)
IdentifierSchematicRecommendedMouser Number
C8011 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C8021 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C80547 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H470MPM
C80647 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H470MPM
C80747 uF / 10 V BP47 uF / 16 V BP647-UES1C470MPM
C80847 uF / 10 V BP47 uF / 16 V BP647-UES1C470MPM
C81147 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H470MPM
C81247 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H470MPM
C815100 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H101MHM
C816100 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H101MHM
C819220 uF / 6.3 V220 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E221MHM
C820220 uF / 6.3 V220 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E221MHM
C821100 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H101MHM
C822100 uF / 50 V647-UKZ1H101MHM
VR8014.7 kΩ5 kΩ652-3306F-1-502
VR8024.7 kΩ5 kΩ652-3306F-1-502
VR8031 kΩ652-3306F-1-102
VR8041 kΩ652-3306F-1-102
TR8012SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR8022SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR8032SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR8042SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR8052SC1124KSC2690A512-KSC2690AYSTU
TR8062SC1124KSC2690A512-KSC2690AYSTU
D8011S1555N/A
D8021S1555N/A
D8031S1555N/A
D8041S1555N/A

The Equalizer Block is coded F-2028-A and implements the Phono preamplifier and the RIAA curve corrector. This board is right positioned, under the large Faraday cage metallic shield. This board is socketed. Note that the TC notation signifies a tantalum capacitor.

Equalizer Block (F-2028-A)
IdentifierSchematicRecommendedMouser Number
C6013.3 uF / 25 V TC3.3 uF / 50 V647-UES1H3R3MDM1TD
C6023.3 uF / 25 V TC3.3 uF / 50 V647-UES1H3R3MDM1TD
C60310 uF / 25 V10 uF / 50 V647-UFG1H100MDM
C60410 uF / 25 V10 uF / 50 V647-UFG1H100MDM
C60947 uF / 16 V47 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E470MPM
C61047 uF / 16 V47 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E470MPM
C61133 uF / 10 V33 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E330MPM
C61233 uF / 10 V33 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E330MPM
C62310 uF / 50 V10 uF / 100 V647-UKZ2A100MPM
C62410 uF / 50 V10 uF / 100 V647-UKZ2A100MPM
C6251 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C6261 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
TR6012SA726KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR6022SA726KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR6032SC1313KSC1845512-KSC1845FTA
TR6042SC1313KSC1845512-KSC1845FTA
TR6052SA726KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR6062SA726KSA992512-KSA992FTA

The Tone Control Block is coded F-2045 and is located in front of the unit, between the steel chassis and the front part of this amplifier. Of them all, this board is the most complicated to work on because there are a lot of electrolytic capacitors and small signal transistors. Also a lot of wires on the solder side. The mounting position is crazy as well so disassembly is needed. The capacitors and transistors are listed below.

Tone Control Block (F-2014)
IdentifierSchematicRecommendedMouser Number
C70347 uF / 16 V47 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E470MPM
C70447 uF / 16 V47 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E470MPM
C70733 uF / 16 V33 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E330MPM
C70833 uF / 16 V33 uF / 25 V647-UKZ1E330MPM
C7094.7 uF / 50 V4.7 uF / 50 V BP647-UES1H4R7MEM
C7104.7 uF / 50 V4.7 uF / 50 V BP647-UES1H4R7MEM
C7171 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C7181 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C71910 uF / 16 V10 uF / 50 V647-UFG1H100MDM
C72010 uF / 16 V10 uF / 50 V647-UFG1H100MDM
C72310 uF / 16 V10 uF / 50 V647-UFG1H100MDM
C72410 uF / 16 V10 uF / 50 V647-UFG1H100MDM
C7251 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
C7261 uF / 50 V1 uF / 50 V FILMN/A
TR7012SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR7022SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR7032SC1000KSC1845512-KSC1845FTA
TR7042SC1000KSC1845512-KSC1845FTA
TR7052SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR7062SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR7072SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA
TR7082SA493KSA992512-KSA992FTA

As you can see, there are a lot of electrolytic capacitors to be replaced. While this amplifier desires a lot of respect, I cannot but advice you to take your time and observe the electrical schematics and my capacitor lists. You can stick to the original values and types or you can follow my list. It is up to you. But the results will be similar. Your amplifier will shine again and will produce that great Sansui sound. After all, this is a top performer and will surely reward your ears.

This is the first amplifier restoration that I did using a new approach for spacing various ceramic and film capacitors from the printed circuit board. I am using glass beads. For certain diodes I took a similar spacing approach, this time using sub-miniature glass tubes. This method might look largely unnecessary. But as I previously said: if it is worth doing it, it surely worths overdoing it.

Do not hurry, take your time and do the job once. And do it well.

Article #4 | 10:00 AM Friday 16/10/2018

Sansui AU-6500 #2: Restoration

As always before I start working on a vintage unit restoration, I organize all the parts that will be changed. Further more I am sorting transistors based on the hFE factor. This is a boring job but it pays for itself. Careful with Fairchild KSA992 transistors as their terminals are designated as ECB. The old 2SA493 or 2SA726 are BCE. Same for KSC1845. So the replacements must be mounted in reverse.

General Considerations

I should begin by saying that working on this amplifier presents a very big health hazard. There are lethal voltages inside. Not knowing what you are doing might result in severe accidents and possibly death by electrocution. I am very skilled in electronics repair and I have been doing such repairs for almost 20 years. This qualifies me to work in this field. But if you do not have experience, please take this information just as a knowledge base. Do not attempt to repair something that you cannot handle as there is a big probability to severe it further while also suffering accidents.

Good working condition tools are also necessary for this restoration. I am using a quality temperature regulated soldering station with multiple tips for every situation that I could possibly encounter. Also I am using a good solder pump and quality desoldering wick in two sizes. Isopropyl alcohol is handy to decontaminate boards of old flux and other residues. I also use eutectic formulation quality solder. Every replacement part is brand new, from a reputable manufacturer, ordered from U.S.A., Japan, or Germany. Also I only use parts that are suitable as replacements in various sections of the amplifier, after inspecting and comprehending the original schematic. Last but not least I have the years of experience backing up every action that I take while working on this unit.

I have found out that working with a temperature of exactly 323 degrees Celsius is sane for these vintage printed circuit boards. I have never lifted a pad with this temperature. But it is also true that I never wait more than three seconds with the soldering tip on a pad. While working on the chassis, I am pumping up between 360 and 440 degrees Celsius in the soldering iron.

Flux fumes are extremely toxic and should be avoided at all costs. Especially toxic are the fumes released while working on these old Japanese electronic boards.

F-2013-1A Power Supply Board Restoration

The power supply printed circuit board is the most damaged board of them all. The former technician worked carelessly and lifted tracks. He also used inappropriate replacement parts. Here is the board before the restoration.

Mismatched Zenner diode.

Very messy on the tracks side.

The board has been stripped of parts. The brownish spot is due to regulator transistor overheating. Using a small radiator is not part of a good engineering design.

I cleaned the pads. Nice and shine.

The previous messy technician did a very ugly job here. Take a closer look at those lifted tracks.

For C009, C010, C012 I have used Nichicon KZ MUSE series rated 10 uF / 100 V. C014 was replaced with a Nichicon KZ MUSE modern counterpart rated the same as the original. The ceramic capacitors received glass beads as spacers from the printed circuit board.

Resistor C004 was formerly replaced with a mediocre quality resistor which I ditched and replaced with a Dale RN60 series resistor.

Transistor TR001, originally 2SB507 was replaced by the former technicia with a BD244 part. I replaced it with KSA940. Transistors TR002 and TR003, originally 2SA678 were replaced by the former technician with 2N3904 parts. I have used KSA733 parts. Be sure to order the transistors with the C suffix. This means center collector.

Zener diode ZD was replaced with a 15 V / 0.5 W Zener by the former technician. I replaced it with a Nexperia 14.1 V / 1.3 W modern part. The original was a 14 V / 1.5 W part. Diodes D002 through D005 were formerly replaced with 1N4004 parts. I ditched them and replaced with 1N5392 parts. These appear to be more of an equivalent to the original 10D-1 parts. Diodes received glass tubes as separators. Why? Rectifier diodes produce heat. While it is true that in this case, the heat is not sufficient to damage the printed circuit board, good engineering practices say to use separators. Germanium diodes are susceptible to heat. A longer lead will act like a heatsink preventing damage to the junction when soldering. Then again I have never damaged a Germanium diode or transistor by soldering since my childhood when I built my first diode-detector radio. I guess this comes with practice.

Replanting the parts ...

... while seating the small capacitors on glass beads.

More parts have been soldered in place.

Diodes spaced from the printed circuit board by glass tubes.

F-2041 / F-1215-A Protector Board Restoration

F-2041 is shared with the AU-7500 model and is still a joy to restore. A few capacitors and the coupling relay are targeted here.

This is before.

C901 was a 47 uF / 10 V bipolar capacitor and it was replaced with a Nichicon ES bipolar series modern part rated 47 uF / 16 V. C902 acts as the relay turn-on delay and it was rated 220 uF / 6.3 V. I replaced it with a modern part rated 220 uF / 25 V. C903 is a supply rail filter capacitor for this circuit. I replaced it with the same 100 uF / 50 V rating capacitor from the Nichicon KZ MUSE series. For C906 rated 1 uF / 50 V I have used a Panasonic stacked film capacitor of the same rating. C907 is a 1 uF / 50 V bipolar capacitor that was replaced with a Nichicon ES series counterpart of the same rating. The two relay driver transistors were replaced with KSC1845 parts. Even though these are small signal audio semiconductors, they can handle the relay load as well.

Diodes D901 through D904 form a sensible rectifying bridge for the protector circuit. They were originally 1N34 Germanium diodes. The former technician replaced these with RF detection Schottky diodes of type 1N5711. While these would work OK in this circuit, I have decided to use NOS 1N34 Germanium parts.

Diodes D905 and D906 were originally 10D-1. I have changed these with 1N5392 parts.

All these diodes received glass tubes as separators from the printed circuit board.

The relay can be ordered by the OMRON MY4-02-DC24 part number. This fits perfectly in place of the old relay. In fact it is identical despite the 40+ years that have passed.

Everything went away in the first place. After cleaning, this board appears in almost new condition.

On this board the track pads cleaned very well.

Mismatched transistors and diodes.

Sub-miniature black glass tubes that will be used as diode spacers.

Replanting the parts on the board as follows.

Glass beads detail.

F-2034-A Driver Board Restoration

The driver board is just near the power transistors array. Very easy to service if you turn the unit upside down to have access to the soldering side while holding parts with your left hand from beneath the chassis. Mine was very dirty so I decided to remove it completely from the chassis.

This is the board prior to restoration.

On the other side, the previous technician did a very dirty job.

An entire track lifted. How did he manage to do this!?

Input coupling capacitors C801 and C802 were originally rated 1 uF / 50 V. I have used same rating Panasonic stacked film capacitor replacements. C805, C806, C811, and C812 were rated 47 uF / 50 V and were replaced with same rating Nichicon KZ MUSE series modern capacitors. The bipolar capacitors in positions C807 and C807 were rated 47 uF / 10 V. I have replaced them with Nichicon ES bipolar series capacitors rated 47 uF / 16 V. Power supply rail decoupling capacitors C815, C816, C821, and C822 were rated 100 uF / 50 V and were replaced with the same type modern parts from the Nichicon KZ MUSE series. C819 and C820 are used for emitter decoupling of transistors TR805 and TR806 for static functioning point stabilization. These were 220 uF / 6.3 V and were replaced with Nichicon KZ MUSE series parts rated 220 uF / 25 V.

I have also replace all four 2SA493 transistors in positions TR801, TR802, TR803, and TR804. hFE matched Fairchild KSA992 transistors were used instead.

Transistors TR805 and TR806 were originally Sony 2SC1124 parts. The previous technician replaced them with BD241C. I think Kosaku Kikuchi would strongly disagree. But hopefully he'd forgive me for using KSC2690A in place of the original parts.

But this ugly situation is about to change as I slowly progress with the restoration.

Lifted pads.

hFE matched KSA992 small signal transistors.

One channel is restored.

Difference between the capacitors used in this restoration and those used in a previous restoration.

The other channel is worse.

I recovered and secured the pad for the upcoming repair.

Which looks as such. Can you spot it? I'll make it easyer by drawing an ellipse over the repaired area.

This driver board is now restored. However a few parts are still pending placement.

Ugly and unfit BD241C bias transistor was replaced with KSC2690A.

Which when installed on the board appears as such.

Both channels received the same transistors -- hFE matched of course.

On the tracks side everything looks good now.

15 pF capacitors are soldered in place.

This driver board resembles the F-2034 board that can be found in Sansui AU-7500 units. However some parts are different and some are mounted in different other places.

F-2028-A Equalizer Board Restoration

The equalizer board is socketed and can be found in the rightmost side of this amplifier. It has a thick steel Faraday cage protecting the circuit of electromagnetic radiation. Removal of the shield is done by removing the two screws securing it in place. Gently pull the board out of its socket presents you with this. In my unit there was a F-2028 board, sans the "-A" designation. I have inspected the F-2028 board installed in the AU-7500 series amplifier and while they are identical, certain parts have slightly different values. Furthermore some parts are missing on the board installed in AU-6500 series.

Prior to restoration.

Input capacitors C601 and C602 were of tantalum type, rated 3.3 uF / 25 V. However, on my board, they were of 2.2 uF / 25 V type. I have replaced these with bipolar Nichicon ES series modern parts rated 3.3 uF / 50 V. C603 and C604 in the RIAA correction loop were polarized parts rated 10 uF / 10 V. They were replaced with Nichicon FG series parts rated 10 uF / 50 V. C609 and C610 are rated 47 uF / 16 V. I have replaced these with Nichicon KZ MUSE series capacitors rated 47 uF / 25 V. C611 and C612 were rated 33 uF / 10 V and were replaced with Nichicon KZ MUSE series modern parts rated 33 uF / 25 V. C623 and C624 were marked as 10 uF / 25 V and were replaced with Nichicon FG series rated 10 uF / 100 V. Output coupling is done through C625 and C626, rated 1 uF / 50 V. I replaced them with Panasonic stacked film capacitors rated 1 uF / 50 V. All fault-prone transistors were replaced with modern Fairchild parts, hFE matched. Transistor replacements, as follows.

  • TR601, TR602, TR605, and TR606, originally 2SA726 (2SA493 on my board), with Fairchild KSA992.
  • TR603 and TR604, originally 2SC1313 (2SC1000 on my board), with Fairchild KSC1845.

The dirt on this board pushed me to disassemble everything and wash all parts with isopropyl alcohol. Re-planting of all the parts on the clean printed circuit board should be rewarding in the end.

I have removed the components halfway through.

Then I have thoroughly cleaned the pads.

The other channel follows shortly.

Both channels are done.

I say this looks like a good job.

Previous restoration work included tantalum capacitors in the signal path on the phono preamplifier. I am normally using these in digital circuits for supply rail decoupling purposes. Or in various other digital circuits. For audio I would pass.

F-2045 Tone Control Board Restoration

This board was the most complicated to work on of them all. This is because of wire forest that is soldered directly on the solder-side of the board. I had to tag all the wires first so that I will know where they connect. There is a handful of capacitors and a eight small signal transistors that are subject to replace. This printed circuit board was not that dirty. But since I took a no-reserve disassemble and clean-all operation, I have removed it as well. Naturally every electronic part had to go off the board, get cleaned up then re-planted.

Here is a picture of this board prior to servicing.

C703 and C704 were rated 47 uF / 16 V and were replaced with Nichicon KZ series parts rated 47 uF / 25 V. C707 and C708, rated 33 uF / 16 V were replaced with Nichicon KZ MUSE series capacitors rated the same as the originals. Coupling capacitors C709 and C710 were rated 4.7 uF / 50 V and were replaced with same rating Nichicon ES series bipolar parts. C717, C718, C725, and C726 were 1 uF / 50 V polarized capacitors. I have replaced these with Panasonic stacked film 1 uF / 50 V capacitors. C719, C720, C723, and C724 were 10 uF / 16 V and were replaced with 10 uF / 50 V Nichicon FG series parts. All transistors were replaced with modern Fairchild parts, hFE matched as follows.

  • TR701, TR702, TR705, TR706, TR707, and TR708 originally 2SA493, with Fairchild KSA992.
  • TR703 and TR704, originally 2SC1000, with Fairchild KSC1845.

As a side note, the former technician replaced 2SA493 transistors with 2SA970 and 2SC1000 transistors with 2SC2240 parts. Not a bad selection by any means but I preferred to stick to the trusted Fairchild parts. I have them sorted in pre-matched pairs anyway.

I have stripped all the parts from one channel then toroughly cleaned the printed circuit board with isopropyl alcohol.

On the tracks side I cleaned everything.

But there is one surprise: one partially lifted pad and one partially lifted and missing pad. Nothing I cannot repair anyway.

Parts are mounted back on the PCB assembly.

Glass beads.

Solder side looks good again.

Lifted pads are now repaired.

The other channel follows soon. The soldermask paint is very brittle on this channel. I don't know why but it appears to be attacked by a strong solvent somewhere in the past. The other channel doesn't have this problem. Interestingly enough since Sansui normally used a heavy duty soldermask paint.

Tracks side has been cleaned as well.

All components are soldered in place.

On the solder side everything looks ready to go. Or is it ... to sing?

Detail.

If you will

Please note that all the work presented herein this site is non-commercial. This is my hobby and I am doing this in my spare time. Through this page I freely share my knowledge with you. But if you like my work, please consider helping me buy a transistor or a capacitor for my projects.

Thank you!

Copyright © 1998- Alexandru Groza